Urology nursing is a specialty type of nursing which covers the female and male urinary tract, bladder, kidneys, ureters, and the urethra. It can also involve the male and female reproductive systems, depending on the definition.
A fast growing job market, urology nursing deals with kidney stones, also called renal stones, that are essentially solid masses of substances from crystallized urine. This medical field also involves urinary tract infections, or UTIs, that happen in the kidneys (pyelonephritis), the bladder (cystitis), or the urethra (urethritis); overactive bladders caused by nerve damage, stroke, depression, or drug side affects; acute bacterial prostatitis, chronic bacterial prostatitis, and nonbacterial prostatitis, which occur when bacteria-infected urine flows back into the prostate, which can happen as a result of a neuromuscular problem or inflammation; and Conn’s Syndrome, which causes high blood pressure due to excess production of the hormone aldosterone.
Clients can require changes to be made rather quickly. On the job, a urology nurse would be expected to perform urological exams, diagnose and treat acute urological health problems, and performs evaluations and urodynamic studies, or urinary incontinence. Urology nursing also involves ordering, performing, and interpreting diagnostic studies and lab work; diagnosing, evaluating, and treating bladder dysfunction and incontinence; and prescribing medication and teaching patients to care for themselves properly.
A large part of urology nursing is providing preventative care and doing checkups and screenings for well-being, collaborating with physicians and other health professionals when necessary, and teaching patients how to care for themselves. Catheter care, nutrition, Kegel exercises, medications, intermittent catheterization, incontinence, impotence, and biofeedback are all involved in self-care education. In addition, it is important for urology nurses to promote patient health and wellness through good education and instruction, as well as to listen to the patients and their families’ needs or worries.
Want to become involved in urology nursing? You will need an advanced nursing degree, RN to BSN degree, or LPN to BSN degree. Or you can learn more about these programs from the University of Phoenix:
» Bachelor of Science in Nursing
» Master of Science in Nursing